Friday, 27 September 2013



-Dr.Debesh Bhowmik

Bengal Economic Association has organized a Mid-Year National Seminar on 27th September 2013 at Krishnagar Government College,Nadia,W.B.,India.This Seminar has been sponsored by ICSSR.The theme of the seminar was “Labour and Employment:Theory and Empirics”.This seminar was inaugurated by Dr. Arabinda Ghosh,ADM,Nadia who is also an Economist.In his address he emphasized that in India like ours,in the process of globalization,growth is not the single factor alone for socio economic development. The welcome address was given by Prof. Jayasri Ray Choudhury,Principal Krishnagar Govt.College and the Association’s President Prof. Biswajit Chatterjee of Jadavpur University.In the technical session-I,the key note paper presented by Prof.Debendra Narayan Bhattacharjee,Director APEX Management Institute, Kolkata on “Labour and employment-Theory and Empirics:An Analytical Overview”.In his address, summarized some prominent theories such as disequilibrium theories of fix price model type,implicit contract,efficiency models of various types’ insider-outsider theories which were supported by empirical studies where variations across countries in the impact of economic activities on price setting were found to be generally small across the countries were mentioned. Large variations in unemployment effects on wages are strongly inversely related to the duration of benefits and directly related to the proportion of small firms in the economy.He also mentioned some limitations of major theoretical pursuits of mainstream approach.Prof.Rajib Bhattacharjee of Hoogly Hohsin College,on his paper “A Review of employment Scenario in India in the Post Liberalisation Era”,said that the longterm trends in overall employment situation with special focus on employment in the organized sector of India which consists of both the public and private sector and highlighted the trends in women’s employment in the organized sector of India.Shreya Some of Jadavpur University in her paper”Balance between the growth of labour force and employment opportunities:the constraints” focuses mainly on different constraints that lead to an imbalance between the growth of labour force and employment opportunities along with some policy measures taken by the Govt. of India. Dr.Sadhan Chandra Kar,Dr.Surya Narayan Ray of Dinhata College and Ranjit Kumar Ghosh of Alipurduar College on their joint paper on ”Employment Generating Capacity of an Agrarian Based Economy in Pre and Post- liberalisation period” throw light on the potentiality of an agricultural alternative sector in generating employment opportunity for the labourers who are being employmed rather disguisedly in the basic sector of our rural economy.Dr.Tushar Das-Headmaster of Sadananda Mission High School,Howrah, on his paper , “Economic Reform and Labour Market Characteristics in all India and West Bengal:A comparative Study” mentioned the changing trends of wage share in value added ,labour productivity and unit labour costs of producing output in industries for West Bengal as well as for all india level over the period from 2000-01 to 2007-08.Arini Bhattacharjee,a researcher,on her paper,”Employment and unemployment in India” emphasised on current scenario of unemployment and role of RNFS in reducing rural poverty and RNFS  provides diverse employment opportunities in rural areas itself that ,in turn, reduces urban migration and urban unemployment.Prof.Moumita Chakraborty of Kanchrapara College,in her paper on “Increase in higher education enrolment and its impact on employment level in India” studied to discuss issues regarding rise in higher educational attainment and change in employment level in the post reform era and also tries to address the important initiatives taken by central government to synchronise quality education with changing job requirement.Prof.Manoj Kumar Halder of Krishnagar Govt.College studies the causes and impacts of internal migration on rural weaker ,marginal section of Karimpur Bloc-I of Nadia District.Prof.Tanusree Banerjee of Krishnagar Govt.College, in her paper on “Stigmatized Employment-A Statistical Measure” proposed a model to estimate the proportion( of Stigmatised employment randomized response survey) was  unbiasedly without using randomized device which is more efficient than Takahasi model.Suman Das of Krishnagar Govt.College and Suman Pal ,Prof.of said college in their paper on,”Impact of Village tourism on income and employment generation” suggested a plan for the generation of employment through sustainable use of local resources and village tourism for the betterment of economic conditions of the villagers of Baranti. Dr.Debesh Bhowmik of International Institute for Development Studies,Kolkata,in his paper on “The nexus between productivity and employment” tried to explore the various studies on the nexus between the productivity growth and the employment through VAR model of Dritsakis(2012) and  Blanchand, Solow and Wilson(1995) model and found cointegration and causality but the association went to either direction. In the short run, the nexus was seen negative but not in all countries and in the long run , the association was found both positive and negative in the world economies like Europe, America ,Africa and in Asia. No general conclusion could not be drawn on the nexus because state of technology, employees benefit, wage structure, hours of labour vary from country to country whether it was in USA,France,UK ,India or in EU. Even, the association is different from sectors to sectors. Above all, if the scale of measurement of labour productivity differs, the association between labour productivity  and employment may also differ.
Lastly,the vote of thanks was given by Prof.Anupam Chakraborty of Krishnagar Government College,Nadia.       

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